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REACH:CLP Information Sheet

Introduction

The Classification, Labelling and Packing (CLP) Regulation is a European Union regulation, which came into force on 20th Jan 2009 and it aligns the European Union system of classification, labelling and packaging of  chemical substances, and mixtures to the Globally Harmonized System (GHS). It complements the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) Regulation (EC No 1907/2006) and replaces the current system contained in the Dangerous Substances Directive (DSD) (67/548/EEC) and the Dangerous Preparations Directive (DPD)(1999/45/EC). The purpose of this regulation is to provide protection of human health and environment, by classifying substance and mixtures which are placed in the European market.

Objective
The regulation requires companies to appropriately classify, label and package their substances and mixtures before placing them on the market. It aims to protect workers, consumers and the environment by means of labelling which reflects possible hazardous effects of a particular chemical. It also takes over provisions of the REACH Regulation regarding the notification of substances. It introduces new classification criteria, hazard symbols (pictograms) and labelling phrases. Hazard labelling alerts the user of a substance or mixture with the presence of a hazard and to do the needful in order to avoid exposure and its resulting risks.

Implementation/ Transitional period
As per the regulation of classification and labelling, the transition period is the period of time granted to suppliers of substances or mixtures to change from the DSD/ DPD classification system to the CLP rules. The deadlines during which the CLP regulation will be implemented are:

  • Until 1st Dec. 2010, substance shall be classified, labelled and packaged in accordance with Directive 67/548/EEC (DSD). After the deadline the substances have to classified and labelled as per the regulation of CLP.

  • Until 1st June 2015, mixtures shall be classified, labeled and packaged in accordance with Directive 1999/45/EC (DPD). After this deadline the new CLP regulation will take over completely and the other regulation i.e. DSD/DPD will not be applicable.

From 1 December 2010 until 1 June 2015, the safety data sheets for substances shall contain the classification according to both Directive 67/548/EEC and Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008. Substances placed in the market after the above mentioned deadline will have to notify within 1 month from the date in which the substances was placed in the market.

Obligation for classification, labelling and packaging
Under the CLP regulation the new obligation is to notify the classification and labelling of substances placed on the market to a database which will be established and maintained by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). Manufacturers and exporters who place a hazardous substances in European market, will also have the obligation to notify certain information, in particular the substance identity and the classification and labelling of that substance to ECHA, unless this information has already been submitted as part of the registration dossier under REACH regulation. The agency will then include the notified information in the Classification & Labelling Inventory. Substances classified as hazardous under CLP and placed on the market irrespective of the tonnage also need to be notified under CLP.

Manufacturers, importers and downstream users have an obligation to classify the substances or mixtures in the form of a label before placing them on the market. The label comprises of the following categories given below:

  • Hazard statements and supplemental hazard information: a phrase assigned to a hazard class that describes the nature of the hazards of that substance or mixture. This statement may also include the degree of hazard, where appropriate. They can be grouped into three categories as:

    • Physical Hazard

    • Health Hazard

    • Environmental Hazard

    • Precautionary statements: a phrase that describes recommended measure(s) to minimise or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous substance or mixture due to its use or disposal. There are four types of statements:

      • General Statements

      • Preventive Statements

      • Responsive Statements

      • Storage Statements

    • Signal word: a word that indicates the relative level of severity of hazards to alert the reader to a potential hazard; the following two levels are distinguished:

      • Danger indicating the more severe hazard categories

      • Warning indicating the less severe hazard categories

    • Hazard Pictogram: a graphical composition that includes a symbol plus other graphic elements, such as a border, background pattern or colour that is intended to convey specific information on the hazard concerned. The types of hazard classes with its corresponding pictograms are listed in the table.

    The signal words, hazard statements and precautionary statements shall be placed in the supplemental information section of the label. Each category or sub- category has been provided with a code, which needs to be indicated in the labelling sections.

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