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Footwear Industry

Overview of European Footwear Industry
In the EU footwear market, the main producers are in Italy, Spain, Portugal and Romania. Almost 3 billion pairs of shoes were imported into the EU in 2007. The share of import is increasing steadily. In 2005, the value of footwear imports reached a value of approximately €12 billion. In 2006, the footwear production value reached approximately €13 billion. The supply chains are complex with up to 50 suppliers mainly located in non-EU countries.

In general, shoes are made up of the following parts: upper material, lining material (quarter lining, vamp lining, tongue lining, back lining), sock material, interlining material, toe cap, heel cap, vamp underlay, thread, stamp foil, label, pad cushion, lasting glue, last, orthopaedic sock, bottom filler, tack, insole material, outer sole, glue, shoe polish, heel seat padding, reinforcement, facing and shank. Sport shoes may additionally have lace or velcro, eyelet, eyelet strap. These parts can of course be found on the market but may not always fulfil the REACH definition of an article. Typical materials are leather, textile (cotton, linen, nylon), plastic, cork, felt, rubber, fur and fleece.

SVHC Chemicals generally used in Footwear Industry included in the Candidate List

Following SVHC are added to the Candidate List by ECHA. These substances may have very serious and often irreversible effects on humans and the environment. Substances on the Candidate List may subsequently become subject to authorization by decision of the European Commission. The inclusion of a substance in the List may have legal obligations on companies.


S.  No.

Substance Name

EC No./ CAS No.

Application Areas

  • 1
  • Alkanes, C10-13, chloro

    287-476-5/ 85535-84-8

    Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic

  • 2
  • Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP)

    201-622-7/ 85-68-7

    Footwear with uppers of leather, outer sole in other material; Protective footwear with uppers of leather; Slippers/ Espadrills; Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic; Waterproof footwear of rubber

  • 3
  • Bis (2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP)

    204-211-0/ 117-81-7

    Footwear with uppers of leather, outer sole in other material; Protective footwear with uppers of leather; Slippers/ Espadrills; Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic; Waterproof footwear of rubber

  • 4
  • Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)

    201-557-4/ 84-74-2

    Footwear with uppers of leather, outer sole in other material; Protective footwear with uppers of leather; Slippers/ Espadrills; Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic; Waterproof footwear of rubber

  • 5
  • Lead chromate molybdate sulphate red (C.I. Pigment Red 104)

    235-759-9/ 12656-85-8

    Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic

  • 6
  • Lead sulfochromate yellow (C.I. Pigment Yellow 34)

    215-693-7/ 1344-37-2

    Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic

  • 7
  • Sodium dichromate

    234-190-3/ 10588-01-9

    Footwear with uppers of leather, outer sole in other material; Protective footwear with uppers of leather; Slippers/ Espadrills; Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic; Waterproof footwear of rubber

  • 8
  • Tris(2-chloroethyl)phosphate

    204-118-5/ 115-96-8

    Footwear with uppers of leather, outer sole in other material; Protective footwear with uppers of leather; Slippers/ Espadrills; Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic; Waterproof footwear of rubber

  • 9
  • hexabromocyclododecane

    247-148-4/ 25637-99-4

    Footwear with uppers of leather, outer sole in other material; Protective footwear with uppers of leather; Slippers/ Espadrills; Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic; Waterproof footwear of rubber

  • 10
  • Potassium dichromate

    231-906-6/ 7778-50-9

    Footwear with uppers of leather, outer sole in other material; Protective footwear with uppers of leather; Slippers/ Espadrills; Sports footwear etc. of rubber or plastic; Textile footwear; Waterproof footwear of plastic; Waterproof footwear of rubber

    Authorization List of SVHC Chemicals (REACH Annex XIV inclusion) used in Footwear Industry

    ECHA has selected a few substances which are considered to be highly hazardous as compared to the other SVHC substances from the candidate list. These are hazardous substances listed as substances or Authorization. In case a substance present in a footwear is a member of the authorization list then a suitable alternative has to be found within the time period provided by the agency. 
    The list of chemicals that needs authorization and are currently used in the footwear sector are given below:

    S.  No.

    Substance Name

    EC No.

    1

    Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP)

    201-622-7

    2

    Bis (2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP)

    204-211-0

    3

    Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)

    201-557-4

    4

    hexabromocyclododecane

    247-148-4


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