Overview of Leather Industry in EU
The EU is ranked among the leading importers of luggage and leather goods in the world, importing 35% of the value and 40% of the volume of total world imports, representing one million tonnes with a value of € 9.4 billion in 2008. France was the largest importing country, representing 18% of EU imports, followed by Italy, the UK and Germany.
The leather tanning industry is a global industry, and EU tanners depend highly on access to raw materials and to export markets. Footwear, garment, furniture, automotive and leather goods industries are the most important outlets for EU tanners' production.EU imports a significant amount of raw materials from across the world. In the year 2008 and 2009, the total import values of raw hides & skins and leather (CN 41) in the EU 27 were 2.728 million Euros and 1.747 million Euros, respectively. Whereas during the same years, the total exports amounted to the tune of 2.905 million Euros and 2.427million Euros, respectively.
Among the non-EU suppliers, India is the second largest supplier with total import and export share of 7.5% and 6.9% in the year 2008 and 2009, respectively. China enjoys fifth place among the top 10 non-EU suppliers of raw hides & skins and leather.
In case of imports of leather goods (CN 42), China is the largest non-EU supplier with a total import share of 64.1% (2008) and 64.9% (2009). India is the second largest supplier of leather goods to EU with a total import share of 10.8% (2008) and 11.4% (2009).
Commonly used SVHC Substances in Leather Industry and in Leather Articles
|S. No.||Substance Name||EC No.||CAS No.||Application Areas|
|1||Anthracene||204-371-1||120-12-7||Used as tanning agent|
|2||4,4’-Diaminophenylmethane||202-974-4||101-77-9||Textiles, shoes, polyurethane (PU), component of some azo dyes|
|3||Dibutyl phthalate||201-557-4||84-74-2||Plasticizer, PVC, synthetic leather|
|4||Cobalt dichloride||231-589-4||7646-79-9||Used in leather Dyeing and Finishing as well found in tanned leather|
|5||Sodium dichromate, dehydrate||234-190-3||7789-12-0 and 10588-01-9||Leather products, pigments|
|6||Bis(2-ethyl(hexyl)phthalate) (DEHP)||204-211-0||117-81-7||Plasticisers (for soles), PVC, paints, synthetic leather|
|7||C10-13 Chloroalkanes||287-476-5||85535-84-8||Leather additive imparting smoothness, rubber, coated textiles, adhesives,|
|9||Benzyl butyl phthalate||201-622-7||85-68-7||PVC, rubber, synthetic leather|
SVHC substances identified for the Authorization used in Leather industry
ECHA has selected a few substances which are considered to be highly hazardous as compared to the other 46 SVHC substances from the candidate list. These are hazardous substances listed as substances for Authorisation (list given). In case a substance present in a leather product is a member of the authorization list then a suitable alternative has to be found within the time period provided by the agency.